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Episode 2304

ISRO
Thu, 2023-Aug-24 02:08 UTC
Length - 3:55

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Welcome to popular Wiki of the Day where we read the summary of a popular Wikipedia page every day.

With 392,887 views on Wednesday, 23 August 2023 our article of the day is ISRO.

The Indian Space Research Organisation, commonly referred to as ISRO (), is the national space agency of India. It operates as the primary research and development arm of the Department of Space (DoS), which is directly overseen by the Prime Minister of India, while the Chairman of ISRO also acts as the executive of DoS.

ISRO is primarily responsible for performing tasks related to space-based operations, space exploration, international space cooperation and the development of related technologies. It is one of the six government space agencies in the world which possess full launch capabilities, deploy cryogenic engines, launch extraterrestrial missions and operate a large fleet of artificial satellites. ISRO was previously the Indian National Committee for Space Research (INCOSPAR), set up under Jawaharlal Nehru in 1962 recognising the need for space research. INCOSPAR grew and became ISRO in 1969, within the Department of Atomic Energy (DAE). In 1972, the government of India set up a Space Commission and the DoS, bringing ISRO under it. The establishment of ISRO thus institutionalised space research activities in India. It has since been managed by DoS, which also governs various other institutions in India in the domain of astronomy and space technology. ISRO built India's first satellite, Aryabhata, which was launched by the Soviet space agency Interkosmos in 1975. In 1980, ISRO launched satellite RS-1 onboard SLV-3, making India the seventh country to be capable of undertaking orbital launches. SLV-3 was followed by ASLV, which was subsequently succeeded by the development of many medium-lift launch vehicles, rocket engines, satellite systems and networks enabling the agency to launch hundreds of domestic and foreign satellites and various deep space missions for space exploration.

ISRO has the world's largest constellation of remote-sensing satellites and operates the GAGAN and IRNSS (NavIC) satellite navigation systems. It has sent three missions to the Moon and one to Mars.

ISRO's goals in the near future includes expanding the satellite fleet, sending humans into space, development of a semi-cryogenic engine, sending more uncrewed missions to the Moon, Mars, Venus and the Sun and the deployment of more space telescopes in orbit to observe cosmic phenomena and outer space beyond the Solar System. ISRO's long-term plans includes the development of reusable launchers, heavy and super heavy-lift launch vehicles, deploying a space station, sending exploration missions to the planets like Jupiter, Uranus, Neptune and Asteroids, and crewed missions to the Moon and the planets.

ISRO's programmes have played a significant role in the socio-economic development of India and have supported both civilian and military domains in various aspects including disaster management, telemedicine and navigation and reconnaissance missions. ISRO's spin-off technologies also have founded many crucial innovations for India's engineering and medical industries.

This recording reflects the Wikipedia text as of 02:08 UTC on Thursday, 24 August 2023.

For the full current version of the article, see ISRO on Wikipedia.

This podcast is produced by Abulsme Productions based on Wikipedia content and is released under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License.

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This has been Kevin Neural. Thank you for listening to popular Wiki of the Day.

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