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Episode 2403

Henry Kissinger
Fri, 2023-Dec-01 03:03 UTC
Length - 3:08

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Welcome to popular Wiki of the Day where we read the summary of a popular Wikipedia page every day.

With 2,670,835 views on Thursday, 30 November 2023 our article of the day is Henry Kissinger.

Henry Alfred Kissinger ( KISS-ən-jər; born Heinz Alfred Kissinger; May 27, 1923 – November 29, 2023) was an American politician, diplomat, political scientist, and geopolitical consultant. He served as United States secretary of state and national security advisor in the presidential administrations of Richard Nixon and Gerald Ford and played a prominent role in United States foreign policy between 1969 and 1977. Kissinger pioneered the policy of détente with the Soviet Union, orchestrated an opening of relations with China, engaged in what became known as shuttle diplomacy in the Middle East to end the Yom Kippur War, and negotiated the Paris Peace Accords, which ended American involvement in the Vietnam War. He has also been associated with controversial policies, such as the U. S. bombing of Cambodia during the Vietnam War, Operation Condor, U. S. involvement in the 1973 Chilean military coup, a "green light" to Argentina's military junta for their Dirty War, and U. S. support for Pakistan during the Bangladesh Liberation War despite a genocide being perpetrated by Pakistan. Kissinger was a Jewish refugee who fled Nazi Germany with his family in 1938. In the United States, he excelled academically and graduated summa cum laude from Harvard College in 1950, where he studied political science under William Yandell Elliott. He earned his Master of Arts and Doctor of Philosophy at Harvard University in 1951 and 1954, respectively. He then had a prominent academic career at Harvard before moving onto government.

After leaving government, he formed Kissinger Associates, an international geopolitical consulting firm. Kissinger wrote over a dozen books on diplomatic history and international relations. Kissinger's legacy is a polarizing subject in American politics. He has been widely considered by scholars to be an effective secretary of state but is condemned for turning a blind eye to war crimes committed by American allies due to his support of a pragmatic approach to politics called Realpolitik. For his actions negotiating a ceasefire in the Vietnam War, Kissinger received the 1973 Nobel Peace Prize under controversial circumstances.

This recording reflects the Wikipedia text as of 03:03 UTC on Friday, 1 December 2023.

For the full current version of the article, see Henry Kissinger on Wikipedia.

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