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Episode 596             Episode 598
Episode 597

Gyromitra esculenta
Fri, 2018-Dec-21 01:28 UTC
Length - 2:19

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Welcome to popular Wiki of the Day where we read the summary of a popular Wikipedia page every day.

With 270,925 views on Thursday, 20 December 2018 our article of the day is Gyromitra esculenta.

Gyromitra esculenta , is an ascomycete fungus from the genus Gyromitra, widely distributed across Europe and North America. It normally fruits in sandy soils under coniferous trees in spring and early summer. The fruiting body, or mushroom, is an irregular brain-shaped cap dark brown in colour that can reach 10 cm (4 in) high and 15 cm (6 in) wide, perched on a stout white stipe up to 6 cm (2.4 in) high.

Although potentially fatal if eaten raw, Gyromitra esculenta is a popular delicacy in Scandinavia, Eastern Europe, and the upper Great Lakes region of North America. Although popular in some districts of the eastern Pyrenees, it is prohibited from sale to the public in Spain. It may be sold fresh in Finland, but it must be accompanied by warnings and instructions on correct preparation.

Although it is still commonly parboiled before preparation, evidence suggests that even this procedure may not make Gyromitra esculenta entirely safe for consumption. When consumed, the principal active agent, gyromitrin, is hydrolyzed into the toxic compound monomethylhydrazine (MMH). The toxin affects the liver, central nervous system, and sometimes the kidneys. Symptoms of poisoning involve vomiting and diarrhea several hours after consumption, followed by dizziness, lethargy and headache. Severe cases may lead to delirium, coma and death after five to seven days.

This recording reflects the Wikipedia text as of 01:28 UTC on Friday, 21 December 2018.

For the full current version of the article, go to http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gyromitra_esculenta.

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