Government shutdowns in the United States
Sun, 2018-Jan-21 02:03 UTC
Length - 3:38
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With 311,766 views on Saturday, 20 January 2018 our article of the day is Government shutdowns in the United States.
In United States politics, a government shutdown occurs when Congress and the President fail to pass appropriations legislation funding government operations and agencies. In this case, the current interpretation of the Antideficiency Act requires that the federal government begin a "shutdown" of the affected activities involving the furlough of non-essential personnel and curtailment of agency activities and services. Since 1976, when the current budget and appropriations process was enacted, there have been 18 gaps in budget funding, eight of which led to federal employees being furloughed. Prior to 1990, funding gaps did not always lead to government shutdowns, but since 1990 the practice has been to shut down the government for all funding gaps. Shutdowns have also occurred at the state/territorial and local levels of government.
During the Ronald Reagan administration, there were three funding gaps leading to shutdowns lasting one day or less. A funding gap in 1990 during the George H. W. Bush administration caused a weekend shutdown. During the Bill Clinton administration, there were two full government shutdowns during 1995 and 1996 lasting 5 and 21 days respectively, based on disagreement on whether to cut government services, leading to furloughs and significant disruption. During Barack Obama's presidency, a government shutdown occurred during October 1–16, 2013. The primary dispute was the Republicans' desire to delay or defund the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act known colloquially as Obamacare. In 2018, under the Donald Trump administration, a shutdown began at midnight, 12:01 AM 20 January 2018 (Saturday); essential services continue, but armed service personnel on duty, for example, would not be paid until the shutdown ends.
Government shutdowns have the effect of disruption to government services and increased cost to the government due to lost labor. During the 2013 shutdown Standard & Poor's, the financial ratings agency, stated on October 16 that the shutdown had "to date taken $24 billion out of the economy," and "shaved at least 0.6 percent off annualized fourth-quarter 2013 GDP growth."
This recording reflects the Wikipedia text as of 02:03 UTC on Sunday, 21 January 2018.
For the full current version of the article, go to http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Government_shutdowns_in_the_United_States.
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