Currently being updated. Automatic reload in seconds.
|Buy WotD Stuff!!|
|← Episode 222|
popular Wiki of the Day Episode 223
For current episodes, or for the rest of the Wiki of the Day family of podcasts go here.
|Episode 224 →|
Tue, 2017-Dec-12 01:42 UTC
Length - 4:59
Welcome to popular Wiki of the Day where we read the summary of a popular Wikipedia page every day.
With 692,403 views on Monday, 11 December 2017 our article of the day is Max Born.
Max Born (German: [bɔɐ̯n]; 11 December 1882 – 5 January 1970) was a German physicist and mathematician who was instrumental in the development of quantum mechanics. He also made contributions to solid-state physics and optics and supervised the work of a number of notable physicists in the 1920s and 1930s. Born won the 1954 Nobel Prize in Physics for his "fundamental research in Quantum Mechanics, especially in the statistical interpretation of the wave function".
Born was born in 1882 in Breslau, German Empire (at the time; the city is now Wrocław, Poland). Born entered the University of Göttingen in 1904, where he found the three renowned mathematicians Felix Klein, David Hilbert, and Hermann Minkowski. He wrote his Ph.D. thesis on the subject of "Stability of Elastica in a Plane and Space", winning the University's Philosophy Faculty Prize. In 1905, he began researching special relativity with Minkowski, and subsequently wrote his habilitation thesis on the Thomson model of the atom. A chance meeting with Fritz Haber in Berlin in 1918 led to discussion of the manner in which an ionic compound is formed when a metal reacts with a halogen, which is today known as the Born–Haber cycle.
In the First World War, after originally being placed as a radio operator, he was moved to research duties regarding sound ranging due to his specialist knowledge. In 1921, Born returned to Göttingen, arranging another chair for his long-time friend and colleague James Franck. Under Born, Göttingen became one of the world's foremost centres for physics. In 1925, Born and Werner Heisenberg formulated the matrix mechanics representation of quantum mechanics. The following year, he formulated the now-standard interpretation of the probability density function for ψ*ψ in the Schrödinger equation, for which he was awarded the Nobel Prize in 1954. His influence extended far beyond his own research. Max Delbrück, Siegfried Flügge, Friedrich Hund, Pascual Jordan, Maria Goeppert-Mayer, Lothar Wolfgang Nordheim, Robert Oppenheimer, and Victor Weisskopf all received their Ph.D. degrees under Born at Göttingen, and his assistants included Enrico Fermi, Werner Heisenberg, Gerhard Herzberg, Friedrich Hund, Pascual Jordan, Wolfgang Pauli, Léon Rosenfeld, Edward Teller, and Eugene Wigner.
In January 1933, the Nazi Party came to power in Germany, and Born, who was Jewish, was suspended. He emigrated to the United Kingdom, where he took a job at St John's College, Cambridge, and wrote a popular science book, The Restless Universe, as well as Atomic Physics, which soon became a standard textbook. In October 1936, he became the Tait Professor of Natural Philosophy at the University of Edinburgh, where, working with German-born assistants E. Walter Kellermann and Klaus Fuchs, he continued his research into physics. Born became a naturalised British subject on 31 August 1939, one day before World War II broke out in Europe. He remained at Edinburgh until 1952. He retired to Bad Pyrmont, in West Germany, and died in hospital in Göttingen on 5 January 1970.
This recording reflects the Wikipedia text as of 01:42 UTC on Tuesday, 12 December 2017.
For the full current version of the article, go to http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Max_Born.
This podcast is produced by Abulsme Productions based on Wikipedia content and is released under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License.
Please visit wikioftheday.com for our archives and sister podcasts. If you enjoyed this episode, please subscribe and never miss an episode. You can also follow @WotDpod on Twitter.
Abulsme Productions also produces the current events podcast Curmudgeon's Corner. Check it out in your podcast player of choice.
This has been Aditi. Thank you for listening to popular Wiki of the Day.
Page cached at 2018-11-13 21:49:04 UTC
Original calculation time was 0.7341 seconds
Page displayed at 2018-11-14 05:18:27 UTC
Page generated in 0.0047 seconds