Sun, 2017-Aug-13 01:47 UTC
Length - 3:31
Welcome to popular Wiki of the Day where we read the summary of a popular Wikipedia page every day.
With 191,704 views on Saturday, 12 August 2017 our article of the day is Guam.
Guam ( or ; Chamorro: Guåhån [ˈɡʷɑhɑn]) is an unincorporated United States territory in the western Pacific Ocean.
The capital city of Guam is Hagåtña and the most populous city is Dededo. In 2017, 162,742 people resided on Guam. Guamanians are American citizens by birth. Guam has an area of 210 sq mi (544 km²) and a population density of 770/sq mi (297/km²). Situated in Oceania, it is the largest and southernmost of the Mariana Islands and the largest island in Micronesia. Among its municipalities, Mongmong-Toto-Maite has the highest population density at 3,691/sq mi (1,425/km²), whereas Inarajan and Umatac have the lowest density at 119/sq mi (47/km²). The highest point is Mount Lamlam at 406 meters (1,332 ft) above sea level.
The Chamorros, Guam's indigenous people, settled the island approximately 4,000 years ago. Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan, while in the service of Spain, was the first European to visit the island on March 6, 1521. Guam was colonized by Spain in 1668 with settlers, including Diego Luis de San Vitores, a Catholic missionary. Between the 16th century and the 18th century, Guam was an important stopover for the Spanish Manila Galleons. During the Spanish–American War, the United States captured Guam on June 21, 1898. Under the Treaty of Paris, Spain ceded Guam to the United States on December 10, 1898. Guam is among the seventeen Non-Self-Governing Territories of the United Nations.
Before World War II, Guam and four other territories – American Samoa, Hawaii, Wake Island, and the Philippines – were the only American jurisdictions in the Pacific Ocean. On December 7, 1941, hours after the attack on Pearl Harbor, Guam was captured by the Japanese, who occupied the island for two and a half years. During the occupation, Guamanians were subjected to beheadings, forced labor, rape, and torture. American forces recaptured the island on July 21, 1944; Liberation Day commemorates the victory. Since the 1960s, the economy has been supported by two industries: tourism and the United States Armed Forces.
This recording reflects the Wikipedia text as of 01:47 UTC on Sunday, 13 August 2017.
For the full current version of the article, go to http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Guam.
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